The following sources were summarized on this website, and are available in PDF format, unless otherwise noted.

Baseline Information

  • Barham, J. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge Estuary Restoration Project: 2008-2011. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge. Olympia, Washington.
  • Ellings, C.S. and S. Hodgson. 2007. Nisqually Estuary Baseline Fish Ecology Study: 2003-2006. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge and Nisqually Indian Tribe. Olympia, Washington.
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2005. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan.

Aerial Photography and Remote Sensing
Coming soon.

Coming soon.

Tidal Inundation
Coming soon.

Geomorphology and Sedimentation
Coming soon.

Estuary and Nearshore Changes
Coming soon.


  • Belleveau, L.J., Takekawa, J.Y., Woo, I., Turner, K.L., Barham, J.B., Takekawa, J.E., Ellings, C.S., Chin-Leo, G. 2015. Vegetation community response to tidal marsh restoration of a large river estuary. Northwest Science 89:2, pg. 136-147.
  • Davis, M.J., C. Ellings, E. Grossman, S. De La Cruz, G. Nakai. 2015. Modeling the long-term intersection of sediment deposition and vegetative colonization in a restored tidal estuary [DRAFT]. Olympia, Washington.

Coming soon.

Fish — Opportunity, Capacity and Realized Function

  • Davis, M.J., I. Woo, A. Smith, C. Ellings, G. Nakai, and S. De La Cruz. 2015. Post-restoration Salmonid Foraging Capacity [DRAFT]. Olympia, Washington.
  • Ellings, C.S., E. Grossman, M. Davis, S. Hodgson, K. Turner, I. Woo, J. Takekawa, G. Nakai. 2015. Post-Restoration Changes in Salmonid Opportunity [In Review]. Olympia, Washington.
  • Ellings, C.S. N.d. Monitoring and Adaptive Management of the Nisqually Delta after Tidal Marsh Restoration: Restoring Ecosystem Function for Salmon. Final Summary Report prepared for 2009 EPA Tribal Implementation Grant (PA-00J15001).
  • David, A.T., C. Ellings, I. Woo, C. Simenstad, J. Takekawa, K. Turner, A. Smith, and J. Takekawa. 2014. Foraging and Growth Potential of Juvenile Salmon after Tidal Restoration of a Large River Delta. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 143:6, 1515-1529.

Other Resources
Coming soon.